What is MIS- Management Information System, meaning and its components.

MIS – Management Information system is the relationship study between people, technology, and organization. In simple terms, we can say that it is the use of people, information technology, and the business process to process data, store, and record, and produce the information which helps in making a day-to-day decision by the decision-makers of the organization and helps in business growth.

How MIS differs from coding

MIS concerns not only with coding or writing computer codes. There are multiple of career opportunity of MIS degree that focuses on different aspects which include:

  • Data Analysis
  • Project Management
  • Teamwork
  • Leadership
  • Customer Services

Components of MIS

The components of MIS work together to achieve business objects and there are five major components of Management Information System:

  • People
  • Data
  • Hardware
  • Software and
  • Business Processes


One of the most important components of MIS is the People – we require them for the operation of all information systems, they are the users who have usually qualified professionals in an organization such as HR executives, accountants, who use the information to record their day-to-day business transactions and achieve goals and help in decision making.


Another important component is Data, which is usually known as unprocessed facts and figures. We could define it as a group of non-random symbols that could be in form of images, text, and others.

Data are raw facts that are organized, structured, and interpreted to create useful information systems. Now here comes the Information which is “data that has processed into a form that is meaningful to the recipient and is of real or perceived value in the current or the prospective action or decision of recipient.” According to Davis and Olson.

Management Information System


The physical part of the computer helps in feeding data and displaying the information to help in decision making. Hardware components include various input and output devices. Input devices include- CPU, Keyboard, scanner, etc, and output devices include Monitor, Printer, and so on.


Software is the program that runs on the hardware and speeds up the processing of data into information. The software has two categories:

  • System Software: It is refer to the operating system like Windows, Mac, etc.
  • Application Software: Software that are specialized and used for accomplish business tasks such as banking system, payroll system, etc.

Business Processes

Using the data collected and based on that information the decision and planned and set up the unique ways in which the organization plans and coordinates further activities.

In, the next post, I will share more details like the Objective of MIS and more. Stay tuned!!

Also Read: Skill development over education

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Ruchi Verma

Certified parenting teen practitioner, multiple Award winner, mother of two active kids believes in sharing the right source of information to readers which could help them in every possible way!!

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  1. Really an informative post. Very helpful for the business students.

  2. This is a good resource for students. I will share it with mine.

  3. This concept I know already but this seems much more informative which u wrote

  4. Wow.. Feeling nostalgic. I read about this long back and you have explained it really well. I am sure it can be very useful for students.

  5. I had studied MIS in business school and remember how extensive it was. This is well put-together and gives a broad view of its components.

  6. Tech is something that i was always behind! This new concept which you have explained it very well. Goog informative simple yet understandable. thanks for the blog post

  7. Thank you for sharing such information.
    I am sure it will be of great help for so many readers.

  8. Very informative and in simple language.

  9. I was aware of the concept but didn’t know in such detail. Thanks for sharing

  10. Data is the backbone to everything.. MIS makes ones life easy… Good post..

  11. MIS was a subject in my professional course. I got to know about its benefits and applications in quite detail. I even did a small project on MIS. This is great system to help in business processes.

  12. This went over my head. Honestly. But I am bookmarking this post to understand it better. Sorry, not comfortable with tech at all. 😛

    1. Well, I appreciate your honest words!! This is something that is important for every organization’s planning and growth if I have to explain it in simple words.

  13. Very helpful and informative post.

    1. Thanks for visiting !!

  14. Enjoyed reading it, very well put. Thanks for selecting informative topic for alexa campaign

  15. Nice post on MIS! Studied it a long time ago in college…

  16. I had no idea about this. Good to read about new things every day.

  17. This concept is new to me. Reading it carefully. Thnx for introducing me!

  18. Very helpful. It made me understand MIS better

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