What is Bipolar Disorder- Symptoms and causes?

What is Bipolar Disorder- Symptoms and causes?

August 6, 2020 15 By Ruchi Verma

When you feel unusually sad or anxious, or very irritable and on someday feel very happy and outgoing. Do your happiness and sadness come with an increase and low of energy? With these mood swings is it really hard to sleep, get things done, or stay focused on your job? These symptoms might be considered as Bipolar disorder.

Bipolar disorder (formerly called manic-depressive illness or manic depression) is a mental disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, concentration, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks.” – Source- NIMH

Symptoms of Bipolar disorder

Everyone goes with mood swings, ups, and downs but this is different. In this, it’s on the extreme side. A person suffering from this may have manic episodes, depressive episodes, or mixed.

With such changes which are so intense and happens with the change in behavior, activity, and energy that it is very much noticeable to other people surrounded.

Symptoms of a Manic Episode and Depressive Episode

Symptoms of a Manic EpisodeSymptoms of a Depressive Episode
Feeling very high, More active than usual Feeling very down or sad, Slowed down or restless
Excessive appetite for food, drinking Lack of interest.
Decreased sleepToo much sleeping or no sleep
Try to do all things and not getting tired Hopelessness
New and different thoughts Trouble in concentration
Talking about all different ideas to fast Not talking or forgetting things
Feeling like you are unusually important, talented, or powerfulFeeling hopeless or worthless, or thinking about death or suicide

Read also: Post Traumatic Stress

Bipolar Disorder
Source: Pixabay

Types of Bipolar Disorder

1. Bipolar I disorder. It is when a person had at least one manic episode it may be of mood disturbance with mixed features (having depression and manic symptoms at the same time) are also possible.

2. Bipolar II disorder. This person experience one major depressive episode that lasts at least two weeks.

3. Cyclothymic. It is defined by persistent hypomanic and depressive symptoms that are not intense enough or do not last long enough.

The exact cause of it is unknown but research says not one cause it could be genes or brain structure or function. A person suffering from this disorder could be treated by medication and Psychotherapy.

References: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bipolar-disorder/
https://www.healthline.com/health/bipolar-disorder

© Ruchi Verma

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