What is Bipolar Disorder- Symptoms and causes?

Bipolar disorder

When you feel unusually sad or anxious, or very irritable and on someday feel very happy and outgoing. Do your happiness and sadness come with an increase and low of energy? With these mood swings is it really hard to sleep, get things done, or stay focused on your job? These symptoms might be considered as Bipolar disorder.

Bipolar disorder (formerly called manic-depressive illness or manic depression) is a mental disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, concentration, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks.” – Source- NIMH

Symptoms of Bipolar disorder

Everyone goes with mood swings, ups, and downs but this is different. In this, it’s on the extreme side. A person suffering from this may have manic episodes, depressive episodes, or mixed.

With such changes which are so intense and happens with the change in behavior, activity, and energy that it is very much noticeable to other people surrounded.

Symptoms of a Manic Episode and Depressive Episode

Symptoms of a Manic EpisodeSymptoms of a Depressive Episode
Feeling very high, More active than usualFeeling very down or sad, Slowed down or restless
Excessive appetite for food, drinking Lack of interest.
Decreased sleepToo much sleeping or no sleep
Try to do all things and not getting tired Hopelessness
New and different thoughts Trouble in concentration
Talking about all different ideas to fast Not talking or forgetting things
Feeling like you are unusually important, talented, or powerfulFeeling hopeless or worthless, or thinking about death or suicide

Read also: Post Traumatic Stress

Bipolar Disorder
Source: Pixabay

Types of Bipolar Disorder

1. Bipolar I disorder. It is when a person had at least one manic episode it may be of mood disturbance with mixed features (having depression and manic symptoms at the same time) are also possible.

2. Bipolar II disorder. This person experience one major depressive episode that lasts at least two weeks.

3. Cyclothymic. It is defined by persistent hypomanic and depressive symptoms that are not intense enough or do not last long enough.

The exact cause of it is unknown but research says not one cause it could be genes or brain structure or function. A person suffering from this disorder could be treated by medication and Psychotherapy.

References: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/

© Ruchi Verma


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Ruchi Verma

Certified parenting teen practitioner, multiple Award winner, mother of two active kids believes in sharing the right source of information to readers which could help them in every possible way!!

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  1. We hear this term so many times but it is always good to educate ourselves. Something that may look simple can be complicated. Any kind of disorder can should be treat in time otherwise results can be serious.

  2. Quite an informative post. Not many people are aware about this. Well I haven’t come across anyone having bipolar depression but I think it’s good to know about it. Thanks for sharing.

  3. As a psychology graduate and a Masters in NLP, I have come across many suffering from this disorder. Individuals suffering from this disorder appear normal in everyway to the outside world and can live a normal life with the correct medicine and counseling. I am glad you wrote this informative post. Hopefully, people will learn from it and stop stigmatizing mental illness.

  4. Yes bipolar disorder is a common mental illness but unfortunately there is lack of awareness on this issue. Thanks for sharing useful info through this post. Will help others to get an insight about it.

  5. It’s a very serious mental condition and lacks awareness in many ways.This is not an easy thing to treat either.Awareness is crucial

  6. I had heard about the bipolar disease but was totally unaware of its symptoms or causes. Guess now its much clear and I can talk about and spread awareness too.

  7. I am glad you shared about it buddy, now a days many instances of bi-polar disorder are increasing and it is good to be aware

  8. I was aware about this disorder but wasn’t aware of the in-depth details of this. This article is surely going to help a lot of people who may be suffering from this to get the proper help they need.

  9. So glad to read this post, Ruchi. It’s time that more and more people talk about mental illness as a disease that can be treated with the right medicine and care. Thanks for sharing this informative post.

  10. Mental Health is being openly discussed about on every forum these days, and what a welcome change that is. Bipolar Disorder too has been in the limelight after a recent celebrity death. An informative post about the same.

  11. This is a detailed post on bipolar disease. I was not aware of this disease before it is used for the late actor’s case . Very informative post .

  12. With the SSR case and the news doing rounds that he was bipolar this mental ailment has come to surface again. Thanks for the informative post about Bipolar disorder.

  13. Thanks for this post and raising awareness about mental health. Bipolar disorder is not as scary as they show in the movies. Glad to get more information about it from your article.

  14. Thanks for sharing informative post, I didn’t knew about it. Knowing symptoms do help us to help people around.

  15. This is a very informative article. Thank you for sharing. I was reading our Bipolar disorder only yesterday on the Internet. Glad you shared this too.

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