Throughout your pregnancy, your healthcare practitioner may advise a range of checkups, examinations, and imaging procedures even some pregnancy tests. These procedures are intended to inform you concerning your child’s wellbeing and might support your child’s implementation and prenatal care. Regular examinations assist in keeping an eye on you and your unborn child. Therefore, you must attend all of your prenatal checkups. Testing can identify possible issues early on. Talk to your doctor about your testing choices so that you may jointly choose the ones that are best for you. It’s a high-risk pregnancy if you’re carrying twins. All the standard tests will be performed on you, although some may be done more often and earlier.
Screening tests can be used independently or in conjunction with another DNA test. There are three stages of screening in the first trimester.
- Ultrasound examination of the nuchal translucency of the fetus (NT)
An ultrasound test assesses the region at the back of the fetal neck for excess fluid or thickness using nuchal translucency screening.
- Two maternal serum (blood) tests.
Plasma protein screening during pregnancy (PAPP-A): An increased chance of chromosomal abnormalities is associated with abnormal levels.
Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) is secreted by the human ovary (hCG). An increased chance of chromosomal abnormalities is associated with abnormal levels.
When these tests are conducted combined, they have a better chance of detecting if the fetus has a genetic birth abnormality such as Down syndrome (trisomy 21) or trisomy 18. Your healthcare professional may recommend genetic counseling if the findings of these tests are abnormal. You may require further testing. The period from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries is perfect. Below is a list of the many markers.
Women at risk for chromosomal disorders between the 15th and 20th weeks of pregnancy are usually offered an amniocentesis as a paternity test while pregnant. Women who have had abnormal maternal blood screening tests are included in this group. It’s possible that the examination revealed an increased chance of chromosomal abnormalities or neural tube defects.
Screening for alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)
During pregnancy, this blood test analyses the alpha-fetoprotein level in your blood. The fetal liver naturally produces the protein AFP. It’s found in the amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus and crosses the placenta into your bloodstream. MSAFP is another name for the AFP blood test (maternal serum AFP). AFP levels that are abnormal can indicate:
- Open neural tube abnormalities (ONTDs), such as spina bifida
- Down syndrome
- Chromosomal abnormalities
- Problems with the fetus’s abdominal wall
- Twins Several fetuses produce protein.
- An erroneous due date. AFP levels fluctuate throughout pregnancy.
A fetal heart rate of 110 to 160 beats per minute is considered normal. It may alter as the fetus reacts to the uterine environment. It might also show the necessity for an emergency or cesarean birth.
Glucose Tolerance Test
The glucose challenge test is the initial 1-hour test. A glucose tolerance test is performed if the findings are abnormal. In weeks 24 to 28, a glucose tolerance test is commonly performed. Glucose levels abnormal during pregnancy might be a symptom of gestational diabetes.
What is the procedure for a glucose tolerance test?
If your 1-hour glucose challenge test is elevated, you’ll need to do a glucose tolerance test. The specifics may differ significantly, but a glucose tolerance test is frequently performed after this procedure: You may be required to drink just water on the test day.
During pregnancy, a screening ultrasound may be performed to ensure that fetal development is normal and that the due date is accurate. Ultrasounds can be performed at any moment throughout pregnancy for various reasons.
Pros and Cons of Ultrasound
Other than slight discomfort, there are no known dangers associated with fetal ultrasonography. This is due to transducer pressure on the abdomen or the vaginal canal. During the operation, no radiation is employed. The ultrasound transducer must be enclosed in a plastic or latex sheath for transvaginal ultrasonography. Women who are allergic to latex may have a response to this.
Fetal ultrasonography is occasionally performed in non-medical settings to provide parents with souvenir photographs or movies. Alternatively, the issue might be overlooked. Ultrasounds must be completed by qualified medical personnel who can accurately interpret the results.
Chorionic Villus Sampling.
CVS stands for chorionic villus sampling and is a type of DNA paternity test which could be done during pregnancy. The genetic material in this tissue is frequently identical to that of the fetus. It can be checked for chromosomal issues as well as some genetic problems. The DNA testing laboratory also influences these different outcomes.
These are some pregnancy tests that need to be done as per your doctor’s advice.
Know more about How to take care in early pregnancy
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Disclaimer – This article is an advisory piece. Before you manipulate your diet habit and health-related changes kindly consult a medical practitioner or nutritionist.
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