Adoption Process 5-PROCEDURE FOR RESIDENT INDIANS

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Reg­is­tra­tion and home study of the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents. -

(1)       Every res­i­dent Indi­an prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents, who intends to adopt a child, shall reg­is­ter online in Child Adop­tion Resource Infor­ma­tion and Guid­ance Sys­tem by fill­ing up the appli­ca­tion form as pro­vid­ed in Sched­ule-5 By http://cara.nic.in/ and upload­ing the rel­e­vant doc­u­ments.

(2)       The reg­is­tra­tion shall be com­plete and con­firmed to the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents imme­di­ate­ly on receipt of the com­plet­ed appli­ca­tion form and required doc­u­ments on Child Adop­tion Resource Infor­ma­tion and Guid­ance Sys­tem.

(3)       The prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents shall get their reg­is­tra­tion num­ber from the acknowl­edge­ment slip and use it for view­ing the pro­gress of their case.

(4)       The home study report of the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents shall be pre­pared by the spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy in the State, where prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents are locat­ed, through its social work­er or through a social work­er from a pan­el main­tained by the State Adop­tion Resource Agen­cy or Dis­trict Child Pro­tec­tion Unit, as the case may be.

(5)       The home study report shall be com­plet­ed in the for­mat given in Sched­ule – 6 by http://cara.nic.in/, with­in one mon­th from the date of sub­mis­sion of req­ui­site doc­u­ments and shall be shared with the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents imme­di­ate­ly, there­after.

(6)       The home study report shall be post­ed in the Child Adop­tion Resource Infor­ma­tion and Guid­ance Sys­tem by the spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy or Dis­trict Child Pro­tec­tion Unit or State Adop­tion Resource Agen­cy as the case may be, as soon as it is com­plete.

(7)       The home study report will remain valid for two years and shall be the basis for adop­tion of a child by the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents from any­where in the coun­try.

(8)       The prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents shall be declared eli­gi­ble and suit­able by the spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy based upon the home study report and sup­port­ing doc­u­ments and in case any prospec­tive adop­tive par­ent is not declared eli­gi­ble or suit­able, the rea­sons for the same shall be record­ed in the Child Adop­tion Resource Infor­ma­tion and Guid­ance Sys­tem.

(9)       The prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents can appeal again­st the deci­sion of rejec­tion to Cen­tral Adop­tion Resource Author­i­ty.

(10)    The appeal referred to sub-para­graph (9) shall be dis­posed of with­in fif­teen days and the deci­sion of Cen­tral Adop­tion Resource Author­i­ty in this regard shall be bind­ing.

(11)    The Dis­trict Child Pro­tec­tion Unit shall facil­i­tate online reg­is­tra­tion of prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents, upload­ing of doc­u­ments and also for address­ing tech­ni­cal dif­fi­cul­ties faced by the spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cies.

Pro­vid­ed that the adop­tion of a child by the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents, after com­ple­tion of their reg­is­tra­tion and home study report, shall depend upon the avail­abil­i­ty of a suit­able child.

Selec­tion of a child by the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents. —  

(1)        The senior­i­ty of the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents shall be from the date of reg­is­tra­tion in the Child Adop­tion Resource Infor­ma­tion and Guid­ance Sys­tem.

(2)       On the basis of senior­i­ty, the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents shall be given an oppor­tu­ni­ty to view the pho­tographs, child study report and med­ical exam­i­na­tion report upto six chil­dren, in their pref­er­ence cat­e­go­ry if any, in one or more spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cies through the Child Adop­tion Resource Infor­ma­tion and Guid­ance Sys­tem.

(3)       After view­ing the pho­tographs, child study report and med­ical exam­i­na­tion report of the child or chil­dren, the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents may reserve one child with­in a peri­od of forty eight hours for pos­si­ble adop­tion and the rest of the chil­dren would be released through Child Adop­tion Resource Infor­ma­tion and Guid­ance Sys­tem for oth­er prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents in the wait­ing list.

(4)       The spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy will get the details of the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents referred from the Child Adop­tion Resource Infor­ma­tion and Guid­ance Sys­tem site and fix appoint­ment with the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents to assess the suit­abil­i­ty of the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents by an Adop­tion Com­mit­tee, con­sist­ing of its adop­tion in-charge or social work­er, pedi­a­tri­cian or vis­it­ing doc­tor and one offi­cial from the Dis­trict Child Pro­tec­tion Unit.

(5)       The spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy shall also organ­ise a meet­ing of the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents with the child.

(6)       The entire process of match­ing shall be com­plet­ed with­in a max­i­mum peri­od of fif­teen days from the date of reserv­ing the child.

(7)       While accept­ing the child, the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents shall sign the child study report and med­ical exam­i­na­tion report in the pres­ence of the social work­er or chief func­tionary of the spe­cial­ized adop­tion agen­cy.

(8)       In case, the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents are not select­ed for the child by the spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy, the rea­son for non-selec­tion of the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents shall be record­ed in the Child Adop­tion Resource Infor­ma­tion and Guid­ance Sys­tem.

(9)       In case, the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents do not accept the reserved child or the spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy does not find the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents suit­able, then, the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents will be shift­ed to the bot­tom of the senior­i­ty list, as on that date, who can avail a fresh chance when the senior­i­ty becomes due and the same pro­ce­dure shall be fol­lowed in the sub­se­quent chances.

(10)    The reg­is­tra­tion of prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents shall be valid for two years.

(11)    The prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents can also get the med­ical exam­i­na­tion report of the child reviewed by a med­ical prac­ti­tion­er of their choice.

(12)    If the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents opt for one of the chil­dren shown, they shall accept the child by sign­ing the child study report and med­ical exam­i­na­tion report of the child, which may be down­load­ed from the Child Adop­tion Resource Infor­ma­tion and Guid­ance Sys­tem and the spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy shall record the accep­tance by the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents in the Child Adop­tion Resource Infor­ma­tion and Guid­ance Sys­tem.

Pre-adop­tion fos­ter care. -

The child shall be tak­en in pre-adop­tion fos­ter care by the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents with­in ten days from the date of accep­tance, after sign­ing the pre-adop­tion fos­ter care under­tak­ing in the for­mat pro­vid­ed in Sched­ule-7 by http://cara.nic.in/.

Legal Pro­ce­dure. -

(1)       The spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy shall file the adop­tion peti­tion in the court, hav­ing juris­dic­tion over the place where the spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy is locat­ed, with­in sev­en days from the date of accep­tance by prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents for obtain­ing the nec­es­sary adop­tion orders under the Act.

(2)       In case the child is from a children’s home which is locat­ed in anoth­er dis­trict, the spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy shall file the adop­tion peti­tion in the con­cerned court of that dis­trict.

(3)       The adop­tion peti­tion shall con­tain all req­ui­site doc­u­ments as per Sched­ule- 8 by http://cara.nic.in/

(4)       The court will hold the adop­tion pro­ceed­ing in-cam­era and dis­pose of the case with­in a peri­od of two months from the date of fil­ing of the adop­tion peti­tion by the spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy.

(5)       The spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy shall obtain a cer­ti­fied copy of the adop­tion order from the court and will for­ward it to the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents with­in ten days and it shall also post a copy of such order in the Child Adop­tion Resource Infor­ma­tion and Guid­ance Sys­tem and make nec­es­sary entries in Child Adop­tion Resource Infor­ma­tion and Guid­ance Sys­tem.

(6)       Reg­is­tra­tion of an adop­tion deed shall not be nec­es­sary.

(7)       The spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy shall obtain the birth cer­tifi­cate of the child from the birth cer­tifi­cate issu­ing author­i­ty with­in ten days from the date of issuance of adop­tion order, with the name of adop­tive par­ents, as par­ents, and date of birth as record­ed in the adop­tion order.

 Fol­low up of pro­gress of adopt­ed child. — 

(1)       The spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy shall report the pro­gress of the child online in the for­mat as pro­vid­ed in Sched­ule-11 by http://cara.nic.in/ in the Child Adop­tion Resource Infor­ma­tion and Guid­ance Sys­tem along with pho­tographs of the child on six month­ly basis for two years from the date of pre-adop­tion fos­ter place­ment with the prospec­tive adop­tive par­ents.

(2)       In case the child is hav­ing adjust­ment prob­lem with the adop­tive par­ents, the spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy shall arrange nec­es­sary coun­selling for such adop­tive par­ents and the child and if such coun­selling efforts do not suc­ceed, the spe­cialised adop­tion agen­cy shall make effort for plac­ing the child tem­porar­i­ly in alter­na­tive care.

   Adop­tion leave. -

Adop­tive par­ents, work­ing in the offices under the con­trol of the Cen­tral Gov­ern­ment or the State Gov­ern­ment or the Cen­tral or State Pub­lic Sec­tor Under­tak­ings shall be enti­tled for adop­tion leave for prop­er care of adoptee, as per the extant instruc­tions of the con­cerned Gov­ern­ment or author­i­ty and the ben­e­fit of this facil­i­ty shall be avail­able from the stage of pre-adop­tion fos­ter care.

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Dis­claimer: Please cross-check all infor­ma­tion given with a lawyer expe­ri­enced with adop­tion mat­ters and with your agen­cy, since adop­tion laws, guide­li­nes and pro­ce­dures change peri­od­i­cal­ly. It is also use­ful to get in touch with a par­ent who has recent­ly adopt­ed from that par­tic­u­lar state or agen­cy. Infor­ma­tion pro­vid­ed above source http://cara.nic.in/ 

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